Traditional foam-based cycling helmets are a thing of the past when it comes to cycling safety. The main two inbuilt safety systems to choose from in modern helmets are the MIPS (Multi-Directional Impact Protection System) and the WaveCel (a collapsible cellular structure in a wave formation).
But which is better? This guide is here to help with an educated choice in your helmet!
- Higher scores in more safety tests according to Virginia Tech
- 10% safer against rotational impact
- It reduces rotational forces
- Already integrated in many helmets of different brands
- No improved protection against linear impact
- Two-Tone colors can be less visible to other road users
- 0.88-1.59oz. (25-45g) weight is added to the helmet
- 48 times more effective than traditional foam helmets
- Additional linear impact protection
- One-yearar crash replacement guarantee
- Lower Scores in more safety tests according to Virginia Tech
- Only used in Bontrager helmets
Mips vs WaveCel: How Do They Differ?
Take a quick look at key differences
|Meaning||Multi-Directional Impact Protection System||Collapsible cellular structure in a wave formation|
|Protection type||Protects only for rotational forces||Protects from both rotational and linear forces|
|Rotational force safety||More safer||Less safer|
|Found in||Different brands||Only Bontrager helmets|
|Safety tests||Scores high||Scores low|
|Technology||slip-plane||Collapsible cell layer|
|Ventilation||Well ventilated||Bad ventilation system|
1. Working Mechanism
An MIPS system is a non-friction layer permitting natural head rotation between 10-15mm. This will reduce or absorb angled impact energy.
The WaveCel system operates with an outer impact zone that absorbs the energy before it makes contact with the head. This is much like a car’s bumper.
A tie since these two different systems offer increased safety than a traditional foam helmet.
2. Technology Overview
An MIPS system is a slip-plane technology in the helmet that minimizes effects on the brain of rotational movement. Mimicking the brain’s natural self-protect mechanism, the slip-plane technology protects against rotational or angled impact.
WaveCel is a safety system featured on the Bontrager helmet engineered by Trek. It includes a collapsible cell layer within the Bontrager helmets, offering 48 times more protection than the traditional helmets.
The technology behind both systems is what makes them more effective than the traditional foam helmet. So, both are an improvement and a winner.
3. Helmet Effectiveness
When the head is forced to suddenly stop mid-rotation the brain feels a strain that could result in a concussion. An MIPS system assists by reducing the impact and protecting the brain from potential injuries.
Experts state the reduction of force on the brain could be up to 10%. Though this is not a major difference, it does make an MIPS system 10% more effective than a traditional bike helmet.
Since the majority of cycling brain injuries are due to rotational impact the MIPS system is a great preventative measure.
The WaveCel technology has been invented with the aid of experts at the US National Institute of Health. It’s certified by the safety system of Virginia Tech that it is nearly 50 times safer and more effective in protection from all angled impacts.
Whether from the front, the rear, the sides or even the top the WaveCel system will offer more protection to the brain than a traditional foam helmet.
The WaveCel will protect from a greater variety of impacts and accidents, but the MIPS will offer greater protection from the most common rotational impact injuries. No clear winner as it would entirely depend on what accident you were in as to which was more effective.
It is difficult to say definitively which system is safer. The WaveCel helmets feel sturdier, but the MIPS helmets gave better results in a variety of safety tests conducted by Virginia Tech.
Due to the number of possible variables in a cycling collision, we think there is no way to determine which is actually the safer system without precise data being collected from accidents.
The MIPS helmet has finger-width ports at the front, across the top, and as an exhaust at the rear of the helmet, making this helmet well-ventilated.
The WaveCel helmet doesn’t have any vents on the front and all vents across the top and rear are slightly obstructed by the WaveCel structure inside.
The MIPS is the clear winner in this category as it offers almost complete ventilation in comparison to the highly obstructed WaveCel.
At 260 grams, the MIPS helmets are only 50 grams heavier than the traditional foam helmets, which is an increase of just under 24%.
Weighing in at a quite hefty 341 grams, the WaveCel helmets have a very noticeable weight increase of nearly 63% from the traditional models.
This is of course entirely subjective as to whether you prefer to carry a lighter load on your head or whether you like to feel the weight of a safety device protecting you.
7. Colors and Reflection
If the style or look is important to you then there is a lot more range of colors for MIPS helmets, including two tone looks.
The WaveCel only comes in solid colors, but the WaveCel structured inlay can give the illusion of a two-tone effect. If safety is your priority, then the solid yellow one is very visible and obvious to drivers of other vehicles.
This entirely depends on what you value most in your helmet. The solid bright colors also reflect better.
8. Helmet Product Range
There are many MIPS helmets on the market, including road helmets, mountain bike helmets, commuter helmets, and a kid’s series. Three of the highly recommended helmets are the Giro, Bell, and Bern.
There are as many WaveCel helmets on the market as there are MIPS and they also have a large range for all needs including recreational helmets and helmets specifically for women. Three of these highly recommended helmets are the Bontrager XXX, Blaze, and Bontrager Charge.
A tie since both systems offer a similar range of styles and products to choose from.
9. Cost Comparison
With an MIPS system helmet you will expect to pay a little more than a traditional foam helmet for the additional safety. MIPS helmets start at around $35 and can go up to around $150.
As the technology in WaveCel helmets also offers increased safety against linear and rotational impact then they are slightly more expensive than a MIPS system. WaveCel helmets start at around $60 for a child’s helmet and go up to $300+ for the premium ones.
With additional safety features in the WaveCel helmets you would expect to pay more but whether the extra features increase safety from the more common head injuries is unclear, so the cost is subjective to what you are happy paying.
If you got a cheap helmet for $10, would you feel safe?